When it comes to certain conditions in the human body, symptoms can be similar and it would be hard to diagnose a patient accurately. Today, we cleared up this issue with two heart conditions; cardiac arrest and heart attacks. Both share some of the same symptoms which goes as follows.
HEART ATTACKS (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)
- Remember from previous posts that a circulation problem occurs and causes a heart attack when one of the arteries or more are blocked. The oxygen in the blood then cannot reach the heart which damages the heart muscle.
- Symptoms would be chest discomfort or pain, upper body pains, stomach pains, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, sweating, and nausea and vomiting (keep in mind symptoms for women may turn out very different)
- This occurs when one of the hearts chambers develops an irregular rhythm which leaves them quivering instead of beating normally. The chaotic quivering motion of the ventricles renders the heart an ineffective pump that can no longer supply the body and brain with oxygen. After a while, this leaves the person unconscious with no pulse
- Symptoms would include sudden collapse, no pulse, no breathing, loss of consciousness, fatigue, fainting, blackouts, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness, palpitations, or vomiting. sometimes, cardiac arrest could be occurring, but the person may not experience any symptoms.
Arrhythmia, common word brought up when speaking about cardiac arrest. Arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats with an irregular or abnormal rhythm. However, there are different types which will be listed below.
A chaotic, irregular rhythm originating in the upper chambers of the heart, or the atria. It leads to a rapid and irregular heartbeat or pulse. Atrial fibrillation can be divided into three major categories: paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, persistent atrial fibrillation, and permanent atrial fibrillation.
An arrhythmia that originates from above (“supra”) the ventricle. Symptoms include Palpitation, or racing heartbeat, which are the predominant symptoms in SVT. Occasionally, some patients have no awareness of rapid heartbeat, whose only symptoms may be fatigue and fainting. Other patients describe chest paint, shortness of breath, and a sense of fullness in the neck. This usually refers to three other types of arrhythmias which are, AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia, Atrial Tachycardia, Wolf – Parkinson-White Syndrome.
is a rapid, regular heartbeat arising in the ventricles, the bottom chamber of the heart. When it occurs, it’s usually fatal.
Is where electrical signals in the ventricles fire in a very fast and uncontrolled manner. This causes the lower chambers to quiver, and not pump blood. If the person does not receive immediate medical attention and a normal rhythm is not restored quickly, the patient will suffer brain and heart damage and die.
The treatment for irregular heart rhythms is a machine called a defibrillator. Defibrillation is the definitive treatment for the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia. Defibrillation consists of delivering a therapeutic dose of electrical energy to the affected heart. This depolarizes a critical mass of the heart muscle, terminates the arrhythmia, and allows normal sinus rhythm to be reestablished by the body’s natural pacemaker, in the sinoatrial node of the heart. Click here for image: Defibrillator